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IPCC recommendations

Following the introduction of regulations to support the Anti–social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act, we are now required to publish our learning recommendations and responses on our website.

All recommendations made after 1 October 2014 will be published on this section of our website.

What are learning recommendations?

The IPCC makes learning recommendations to the police, or other relevant organisations, after IPCC investigations. Recommendations can include improving practice, updating policy or changes to training. They also make recommendations after making decisions on certain types of appeals.

Who are the recommendations for?

Recommendations may be made to the police, or police and crime commissioners as a result of supervised, managed or independent investigations and certain types of appeal.

Do we have to respond to the recommendation?

Essex Police has a legal duty to respond to the recommendation. While we do not have to carry out the recommendation, we do have to say what action we have taken or plan to take, or why we have not taken, or do not plan to take, any action. We must provide responses to the IPCC within 56 days (unless there are valid reasons not to).

We will publish these responses on this section of our website (unless there are valid reasons why they cannot be published), and they are also published on the IPCC website.


Recommendations - April 2016

These recommendations come from an IPCC independent investigation into the decision to bail a man, by Essex Police in January 2015. The recommendations relate to correct use of systems, officer responsibility for bail decisions and officer understanding of the tests to refer a suspect to the Crown Prosecution Service.

Recommendations

1. The Essex Police policy on domestic abuse investigations states that as soon as 'an officer' is satisfied a crime has occurred they must create a CrimeFile 'as soon as practicable and in any case before going off duty'. It is unclear from this policy who this officer should be. The IPCC recommends that Essex Police should clarify which officer is responsible for creating the CrimeFile.

2. The IPCC recommends that Essex Police should review its training to ensure it is clear as to the responsibilities of different officers in relation to granting conditional bail for a suspect.

3. The accounts obtained from the officers involved in this investigation suggested a lack of understanding as to when the threshold and full code tests could and should be met for domestic abuse suspects. The IPCC recommends that Essex Police review its training on domestic abuse to ensure it reflects the College of Policing Authorised Professional Practice and the CPS Code for Crown Prosecutors.

Recommendations accepted: Yes

Accepted actions

  1. Accepted action 1.
  2. Accepted action 2.
  3. Accepted action 3.
Full details of the IPCC's recommendations and the force response.

Recommendations - November 2015

These recommendations relate to an IPCC independent investigation into Essex Police’s response to a reported breach of a restraining order. The suspect was not present when officers attended and the arrest was allocated to another team to progress.  Before an arrest could be made further breaches of the restraining order took place.

Recommendations

1. Essex Police should consider a review of resourcing within the force control room (FCR) including:

  • The current number of unallocated incidents.
  • The ability of staff within the FCR to comply with incident timeframes for allocation of resources.
  • The expectations of Essex Police when an incident remains unallocated outside the timeframe for dispatch.

2. Essex Police should consider the need to raise awareness within the domestic abuse specialist team (DAST) of their expectatons in relation to cases which have been raised to high risk by multi-agency risk assessment conference (MARAC). This should include a review of policy B1705 MARAC.

3. Essex Police should review the training provided in relation to domestic abuse, specifically:

  • The adequacy of the DASH training provided to response officers.
  • Wheather the requirements of the procedure B1702 domestic abuse investigations are adequately covered in officer training.

4. Essex Police should consider the need for officers who are expected to 'act up' as sergeants to receive training (whether formal or informal) for this role.

5. Essex Police should consider whether current practice within the local policing team has the potential to cause investigative delay including:

  • The process of crime file allocation, especially prior to a team taking scheduled rest days.
  • The use of the threat/harm/risk process and whether this is fit for purpose.
  • The use of arrest trays and the process of allocating an arrest.

6. Essex Police should consider whether their internal systems could produce alerts to remind officers of the additional updates required in cases of domestic abuse with a suspect outstanding.

7. Essex Police should consider a review of working relationships between the various teams dealing with victims of domestic abuse including:

  • Whether there is sufficient awareness between teams of their roles and how these interact.
  • Whether there is sufficient communication between teams.

Recommendations accepted: Yes

Accepted actions

  1. Accepted action 1.
  2. Accepted action 2.
  3. Accepted action 3.
  4. Accepted action 4.
  5. Accepted action 5.
  6. Accepted action 6.
  7. Accepted action 7.
Full details of the IPCC's recommendations and the force response.

Recommendations - November 2015

These recommendations were made during an IPCC independent investigation into concerns raised about a man's whereabouts and welfare.

Recommendations

1. The IPCC recommends that Essex Police should follow up any unanswered queries sent to cross border forces prior to closing call logs.

2. Essex Police should consider reviewing call handling policies and procedures in relations to guidance on cross border referrals.

3. Essex Police should consider providing regular refresher training to call handling staff. This should include cross border referrals.

Recommendations accepted: Yes

Accepted actions

  1. Accepted action 1.
  2. Accepted action 2.
  3. Accepted action 3.
Full details of the IPCC's recommendations and the force response.

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