Number: D0402 Date Published: 8 April 2021 Version 5 – April 2021
1.0 Summary of Changes
This procedure has been updated within section 3.1 to add a new paragraph for the PIM to consider giving the key police witness time off between stages 3 and 4 to allow them to digest the events of the PIP.
2.0 What this Procedure is about
The purpose of this procedure is to set out the circumstances under which Post Incident procedures are to be initiated and the individual roles and responsibilities of those involved.
The lead officer for PIMs will be the Specialist Operations Superintendent, Operational Policing Command who will be responsible for the identification and on-going management of PIMs accredited officers.
PIMs officers must be re accredited every 5 years. This will be the responsibility of weapons training and the lead PIM. This will be managed by the use of the Firearms Chronicle System.
PIMs officers must undertake annual refresher training and this will consist of a one day input and update. This will be managed by the lead PIMs officer, Weapons Training and the Firearms Policy Risk Working Group (FPRWG). Compliance with this procedure and any governing policy is mandatory.
3.0 Detail the Procedure
3.1 Criteria for Implementation of Post Incident Procedures
The overall responsibility for the implementation of the PIMs procedure should rest with the duty National Police Chiefs’ Council (NPCC) officer or senior officer (duty Strategic (Gold)) who has not been involved in the operation. In the event of this being the same person the on-call Senior NPCC officer (Chief Constable/Deputy Chief Constable) should be contacted.
Post Incident procedures will be commenced in all situations where there has been a discharge of a weapon by the police, involving a conventional firearm or less lethal weapon, whether intentional or unintentional which has, or may have:
Resulted in death or serious injury;
Revealed failings in command;
Caused danger to officers or the public.
Post Incident procedures will also be considered in situations where an investigation into police action is to be conducted following:
A death or serious injury in custody;
A fatal or serious injury road traffic collision involving a member of Essex Police;
Death or serious injury to a person who has had recent police contact; irrespective if the Independent Police Complaints Commission (IOPC) have indicated that they will attend or oversee the investigation.
Early dialogue with the Professional Standards Department will be required to ascertain the interest of the IOPC to investigate or not.
The appointed PIM will consider, in conjunction with the appropriate NPCC or Senior Officer, the proportionate application of post incident procedures according to the circumstances. The procedure may not always be run in its entirety, but at the discretion of PIM could be concluded earlier if circumstances change.
If PIM is not activated, consideration should be given to the need to inform the relevant Staff Associations and the activation of TRiM.
In relation to staff welfare the PIM should always consider whether, in conjunction with the officer/staff members line manager that the key police witness is given time off between Stage 3 and Stage 4 of the procedure in order to provide time for the officer/staff member to digest the events of the PIP and to prevent them being involved in a further procedure before completing their Stage 4 statement. This can either be time off away from work or time away from front line operational duties, a decision can be made by the Line Manager in conjunction with the officer/staff member concerned and the appropriate Command Team member.
Post Incident Procedures will be managed in accordance with the APP Armed Policing.
3.2 Post Incident Responsibilities
Post Incident Responsibilities for the following roles are set out in the APP Armed policing, post-deployment section.
Operational Firearms Commander;
Tactical Firearms Commander;
Strategic Firearms Commander;
NPCC Officer (or Delegated Senior Officer);
Initial Investigating Officer;
Post Incident Manager,
The Post Incident Manager responsibilities do not conclude at the end of Stage 4 but continue throughout the entire process.
3.3 Post Incident Countback
The PIM (Post Incident Manager)/AO (Appointed Officer) will be responsible for ensuring that the suite and items required are available and ready. See the attached guidance document for further information.
4.0 Equality Impact Assessment
EIA – January 2021.
5.0 Risk Assessment
Essex Police has a duty of care under the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 to protect the physical and mental well-being of all staff as far as practicable. Traumatic stress can result from a person’s reaction to a specific event. Some staff may suffer stress as a result of involvement in an incident that requires investigation. The APP on Armed Policing provides guidance on managing and minimising the harmful effects of exposure to trauma whilst the Post Incident Manager and the Staff Associations will provide support and information to the staff involved.
APP Practice on Armed Policing lays out the requirements for the Post Incident Procedures that define the actions to be taken throughout the various stages of an investigation.
The following have been consulted during the formulation of this document:
North LPA Command
South LPA command
North LPA command
Contact Management command
7.0 Monitoring and Review
The Superintendent (Specialist Operations), OPC is responsible for ensuring this procedure remains accurate and compliant with both legislation and national policy. It will be reviewed every 2 years.
8.0 Governing Force policy. Related Force policies or related procedures
D 0400 Policy - Critical Incident
D 1600 Policy – Operational Briefing and Debriefing
D 0401 Procedure - Dealing with Critical Incidents
D 1602 Procedure - Operational Debriefing
8.1 Data Security
Essex Police have measures in place to protect the security of your data in accordance with our Information Management Policy – W 1000 Policy – Information Management.
8.2 Retention & Disposal of Records
Essex Police will hold data in accordance with our Records Review, Retention & Disposal Policy – W 1012 Procedure/SOP - Records Review, Retention and Disposal.
We will only hold data for as long as necessary for the purposes for which we collected. Victims/public should be reminded that Essex Police take the protection of personal data seriously as described in the privacy notice.
9.0 Other source documents, e.g. legislation, Authorised Professional Practice (APP), Force forms, partnership agreements (if applicable)